Current Population of India – India Population 2023

India by far is the second-most populous country on the globe. The Indian population in crores currently is 140 crores. Aside from that, in terms of India’s population 2021, in crores, it, was 139 crores. Apart from this, China tops the charts of being the most populous country. In numbers, China’s population is 1,446,312,871 or 1.44 billion whereas India’s population is 1,403,346,019 or 140 crores. According to the study, it is safe to say that India is ready to take up the numero uno position by the year 2030. Not just that, according to future prediction researches India will top 1.53 billion population by the end of 2030.

India: a small introduction

India is in the South Asia range and the Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, and Indian sea are its border. Furthermore, other areas that border India are Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, and China. In terms of rank, India bagged the 7th position in becoming the largest country by area surpassing a population of 1.3 billion people.

The common religion of India is Hinduism and covers 80% of the population. This is hence followed by Islam as it is the second-largest religion thus covering 13% of the population. Some of the other religions in the country are Buddhists, Christians, Jains, and Sikhs. Apart from this, several people claimed that they belong to ‘ no religion’ and are hence recorded under ‘other’ by the very census. Thus, later in the year 2011 0.9% of Indians finally defined themselves under the ‘ no religion’ category.

India population 2023 : Statistics

If you are wondering ‘how many people live in India?’, it varies and grows every year. As data suggests, for over 50% of India’s current population, the age is below 25 and 65% of India’s current population is below the age of 35. In terms of statistics, around 72.2 % of the Indian population lives in around 6,3800 villages. The rest of the 27.8 % population lies in about 5,480 towns. Furthermore, in the case of birth rate and death rate, the birth rate is about 22.22 births/1,000 population and the death rate is about 6.4 deaths/1,000 population. The fertility rate of India is about 2.72 children born/ woman. Along with that, the infant mortality rate is about 30.15 deaths/1,000 live births. Besides being the second-most populous country, India also tops the chart in being the largest illiterate population in the globe.

As per the studies suggested by the 2011 Population Census, the literacy rate of India is 74.04% where the male literacy rate at 82.14% along with females at 65.46%. In terms of the state of India, Kerala is famous to have the highest literacy rate at 93.9% which is hence followed by Lakshadweep and Mizoram respectively.  

India Population Projection – Population Forecast

Below is the table that suggests the population forecast or say population prediction of India for the upcoming year.

Year Persons* Males Females
2026 1,403,346,019 72,51,76,147 67,46,63,277
2025 1,38,89,94,687 71,96,06,287 66,93,88,458
2024 1,37,74,42,247 71,36,43,574 66,37,99,882
2023 1,36,53,02,891 70,73,55,982 65,79,47,378
2022 1,35,26,95,577 70,08,11,156 65,18,84,266
2021 1,33,97,41,186 69,40,80,634 64,56,60,432
2020 1,32,61,55,489 68,69,98,377 63,91,57,557
2019 1,31,22,40,687 67,97,41,852 63,25,00,856
2018 1,29,80,41,328 67,23,34,596 62,57,07,388
2017 1,28,36,00,978 66,48,02,188 61,87,99,513
2016 1,26,89,61,588 65,71,68,613 61,17,93,236
2015 1,25,40,19,483 64,93,74,279 60,46,44,019
2014 1,23,88,87,951 64,14,84,963 59,74,03,477
2013 1,22,35,81,413 63,35,05,658 59,00,76,222
2012 1,20,81,16,563 62,54,46,812 58,26,70,146
2011 1,19,25,06,296 61,73,16,785 57,51,91,613

India’s growing population: National Family Planning program

The Indian population in billion as of now is 1.38 billion. Likewise, the population of India in millions is 1, 405.2 million. The common grounds on which India’s population has been increasing rapidly are namely illiteracy, poverty, peak fertility rate, sudden decline in the death rate, or mortality rate accompanied by the immigration from Nepal and Bangladesh.

The rapid growth in the population of India is the sole reason why it became the very first country in a worldwide region to have come up with a population policy and the name of the policy is the National Family Planning program launched in 1952.

india population

It was a good decision to launch such a family planning program as there were very positive outcomes as it brought down the country’s fertility rate to an acceptable extent. Furthermore, in the year range of 1965-2009, the usage of contraceptives was thrice than it was usually and the fertility rate went half than it was before.

Although, the performed exercises managed to achieve some goals the main goal was always missed. Since India got its independence back, the overall population of India rose thrice.

India’s growing population: under British administration

The British administration in India lasted between 1858-1947. So back then in undivided India, its population was around 390 million. Later when partition came into play, where 30 million was in East Pakistan which is now known as Bangladesh and the rest 30 million was in West Pakistani. The population of India mainly doubled between 1947 and the 1981 census with a range of 683 million. Later on, in 2011, the population of India doubled to 1.2 billion.  

Cities in India: the largest of them

Although there are 53 cities in India, some of the largest ones are as follows:

  • Delhi: Delhi stands as the second populous city in India. The prime reason for its population was there was a rapid growth in Delhi as compared to Mumbai’s growth rate. This is the reason people consider in the next decade the population of Delhi may surpass Mumbai’s. Half of the population of Delhi lives in slums. Not just that, the poverty rate of the city is four times that of the national average.
  • Mumbai: Earlier known as Bombay, Mumbai is one of the most populous cities in the country. But according to data the growth in the city has progressed slowly and resulted in less population.
  • Other cities: Some of the other cities are Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, and such.


Thus, each year India manages to add people more than any other nation could have. In terms of India’s population in 2021, it was 1.39 billion. If you are wondering,’ what is the Indian population currently?’, it is 1,402,828,373. Although India is the second-largest country in the world, it has been observed that in the upcoming forty years, India might surpass China.

General FAQs

Q – What was India’s population in 2016 ?

Back then in 2016, India’s population was about 1.34 billion.

Q – What was India’s population in 2017 ?

In 2017, the year-end population of India was around 1.34 billion.

Q – What was India’s population in 2018 ?

India’s population was 1.35 billion by 2018.

Q – What was India’s population in 2020 ?

In the year 2020, India managed to surpass the population of 13,796 million later following up the Indian population in 2021. 

Q – What was India’s population in 2023 ?

In terms of India’s population in 2023 that is now, the population was around 1,403,346,019.

Q :- How many people live in India?

As of now, currently 140 crore people live in India.

Q:- population of India in millions?

As of now, India’s current population is 1400 million.

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