Sexually Transmitted Diseases, STDs continue to be a prevalent public health concern. Despite progress in reducing the stigma surrounding STD conversations, people often hesitate to address matters pertaining to sexual health and STDs. Although the reality of talking, getting tested, and being diagnosed with an STD is no piece of cake, early detection goes a long way in safeguarding one’s health and preventing further transmission. Fortunately, numerous organizations constantly educate the public about STDs, and accessible free STD testing services have also become more commonplace. The testing services offer avenues for people to get confidential tests in a non-judgmental and professional environment. Alongside the availability of convenient diagnosis centers, advancements in medical science have led to STD treatments and management more effective. Read on as we take a closer look at STD diagnosis and treatments
What Are Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases are infections transmitted through unprotected sex, be it penis-vaginal sex, anal sex, or oral sex. They can also be transmitted from an infected mother to her child during childbirth and through breast milk. STDs are also transmitted through blood-to-blood contact, like sharing razor blades, needles, and other sharp objects with an infected person.
When a person contacts STD, they may or may not showcase symptoms in the early stages. As the bacteria or virus multiply within, symptoms often become conspicuous.
Diagnosis Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
STDs can be diagnosed in different ways, some of which include:
Physical examinations are conducted to spot the visible signs of the infection, like; genital warts, sores, or rashes.
Lab tests offer more accuracy than physical examinations. The tests are done using samples of blood, urine, or swabs from genital areas. Blood tests are often used to detect viral infections like HIV and help to identify the precise infection, viral load, and its growth stage. Urine tests and swab tests are suitable for detecting STIs caused by bacteria.
Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Genital herpes affects one out of every six persons, making it one of the most common STDs. It comes in two categories: Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 and Herpes Simplex Virus type 2. Both herpes types have no cure; nonetheless, several antiviral medications help inadequate management of the infection. The medications help reduce the occurrence of herpes sores outbreaks and other associated discomforts.
The bacterium responsible for syphilis infection is Treponema pallidum. A person with syphilis can experience unusual open sores in the genitals, hands, and legs. Symptoms like brownish or reddish rash can also surface as the bacteria level increases. Thankfully, the symptoms, alongside the bacteria causing the disease, can be treated with Penicillin. If the patient is intolerant to penicillin, an alternative antibiotic can be prescribed.
Chlamydia is widely prevalent, with approximately 1.4 million fresh instances each year in the United States. It spreads rapidly due to the fact that, in most situations, it seems to show no symptoms. Patients that exhibit symptoms of Chlamydia infection often experience pain when urinating, lower abdominal pain, and occasional bleeding between periods in women.
If you’re a female, make sure you don’t leave Chlamydia untreated because it can affect your reproductive system over time. Hence endeavor to get treated if you sense any of the aforementioned symptoms. If you show no symptoms, but your partner is experiencing the symptoms, it’s best to go for screening to clear all doubt. Chlamydia can be adequately Treated with antibiotics; make sure to consult your physician for proper treatment.
Gonorrhea is characterized by; painful urination, vaginal discharge, or penis discharge. The bacteria can also stay dormant in its host without showing any symptoms; as such, it’s best for sexually active people to go for regular screening and treatment.
As with other bacterial infections, gonorrhea can be treated with antibiotics and, in some cases, dual therapy with two different antibiotics for resistant gonorrhea infection.
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Human immunodeficiency virus, if left unattended, leads to full-blown AIDS. The virus attacks the immune system, and it has no cure. Since it has no cure, early detection can make all the difference in the progression of HIV. When the virus is detected early, a combination of antiviral medications will help the patient reduce their viral load and boost their immune system.
The bottom line is that STDs can be treated or managed without blooming into something complicated. But, it’s helpful to detect STDs in their early stages; it’ll enhance adequate treatment and better overall health.