- Land Prices have skyrocketted.
- Unauthorised colonies have come up.
- Development Controls have been ineffective.
- Acquisition of land for infrastructure is difficult.
- Change from Land Speculation Concept to Land Development Concept.
- Mixed Public and Private system of Development is a sine-qua-non.
- Obligatory Permission under Sec 13 of the J&K Development Act
- Substantial Land Acquisition
- Acquisition in low and medium cost areas
- Creation of Land Bank.
- Mopping up of Unearned Value of Land
- Land Pooling and Plot Reconstitution
- Technique for managing, servicing, reconstitution and planned development of private land.
- Restructuring of Legislative Framework
MODELS OF PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION.
A. Infrastructure development.
– Water supplies/Sewage treatment/ Collection/ transportation of solid waste/Sanitation.
B. Development of facilities.
– Health/Education /Recreation/ Transportation/ Provision/ operation of MRTS/Highways/ City bus services.
. Urban Development.
– Town ship Planning/ development/Commercial Complexes/Residential colonies/Tourist complexes.
Methods/ Systems of Participation.
BO,BOO, BOOT, etc. etc.
A. Grants, aids, internal revenue( taxes, receipts) institutional finance, market borrowings, private sector finance, services tax etc. etc.
B. Land as a source for resources mobilization:-
-Acquisition of land/Land pooling/Transferable development rights/ Accommodation reservation.
-Vacant developed land tax/Annual incremental value on land/Betterment levy/Property tax/Valorization charges( recovery of project costs) on street/ road, sewerage improvements/ extensions/DIF/ DIE ( Development impact fee/ exaction)/Development charges.
C.Technical manpower( Planners, engineers, surveyors etc.)
LAND POOLING (REDISTRIBUTION SCHEME).
-Pooling of land by different owners.
-Formulation of layouts/ final plots including roads and amenities.
-Redistribution of final plots.
-Vesting of land to local authority after payment of compensation
Different strategies have been evolved for old/new areas and villages sites
Space norms for facilities have been halved for the existing Built-up areas
Deficiency of social infrastructure in existing areas to be met by developing malyari areas and Nazool lands which are otherwise suscep-tible to encroachment and partly by removal of Non-conforming uses to be relocated from the existing areas.